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# Diaspora: Cluster Generation in Action

At our last roleplaying meetup, we cast about for a good game. We had kicked around the idea of playing Diaspora on the message board, but no one had studied enough to lead everyone through the process. Or so we thought… until we agreed that building a cluster together sounded like fun, and decided that we’d share the responsibility instead of relying on a GM to guide us.

So four of us (Bryan, Brian, Will, and me) sat down and created a cluster. Bryan and I had read the book a few times before the session, but Brian and Will joined based on our descriptions and hadn’t had a chance to read the rules in advance.

### What is Cluster Generation?

In some ways, cluster generation is like the Dawn of Worlds minigame that Matthew reviews in the linked article, but with much less system. Because it has fewer rules for resolving conflicts, it requires more social consensus to make everything link up.

Cluster generation is collaborative setting building, with some random prompts and structure to guide you. We came up with an interesting setting that accreted through our contributions; none of the us would have created an environment like this on our own!

I started to say that cluster generation is collaborative world building, but since we’re in space, we’re actually generating several solar systems, all linked together along jump paths. System generation begins with each player rolling four fudge dice three times in order. Fudge dice have 6 sides: 2 marked minus (-), 2 plus (+), and 2 blank (0). You add them up, with + equal to +1, – equal to minus one, and blank equal to 0. So ++-0 = 1.. The first total is the system’s technology, the second is the system’s environment, and the last is the system’s resources.

Bryan generated the first system, given his greater familiarity with the game. He rolled a technology of -1, an environment of -3, and resources of +2. We recorded this as T-1,E-3,R+2.

We went around the table twice, generating a total of eight systems. As we rolled the dice, we kicked around ideas about what circumstances might result in such a system. It’s incredibly open ended; a system might have an environment of -3 for many reasons–in Boulder’s case, it turned out that it was because the solar system was just a collection of rocks like our asteroid belt, not a planet at all. One dangerously unstable moon might have been an alternate justification of a -3 environment.

We ran into a hiccup for our star system–none of the systems had a technology of more than 1! Since it takes a technology level of 2 to make ships that can hop between the stars, that’s an problem for a space game. Fortunately, the authors foresaw the issue and have a catch-all rule; if no systems are generated with a tech level of 2 or more, you take the two systems with the highest total and lowest total of all stats, and change them to a tech level of 2.

After we finished rolling up our systems and implemented low technology override, these were the systems in our cluster: Austeria(T1,E2,R-1); Boulders(T-1,E-3,R2); Creche(T2,E-1,R-1); Desolation(T0,E-1,R-2); Pilgrim’s Rest(T-1,E1,R0); Solace(T-1,E3,R1); Wheeler(T2,E2,R3); and Xori(T-3,E-1,R1).

Now that the 8 planets had their stats, we rolled to see how they linked together. This is a cunning little system, generating hubs and branches, making some places central and others remote. After rolling the dice a few times, we came up with a cluster that connected like the picture below.

We wound up deviating from the process the book lays out, with real consequences. Instead of giving each system its own two Aspects, then adding a third Aspect about its relationship to its neighbors, we leaped ahead and assigned Aspects to the systems to cover both inherent and relational traits. That was a mistake–the worlds were too fluid and incomplete, and it took a lot longer to stitch things together, trying to do it all at once. If we generate a new cluster in the future, I’ll definitely pay attention to the rules and assign two inherent Aspects to each system first, and worry about relational aspects after the worlds are more coherent.

### Developing the Cluster

In our game, the first system generated was Boulder. Bryan described a giant asteroid field–a wide belt around the sun, without significant planets anywhere in system. It’s a hard scrabble, unpleasant place to live, a mining colony with a lot of prisoners doing the labor, but it’s a lucrative place–with resources of 2, it has valuable exports.

In conversation, we sketched out a rough history of the cluster. It paralleled our discussion of the worlds and their relationships, but it might have benefited from waiting until we had eight solid system concepts, instead of the half-sketched system ideas that we prematurely linked.

Creche is the homeworld of the cluster, and is completely dominated by bickering corporations. (The details swung throughout the session; one giant mega-corp was initially proposed, and different corporate/government blends were considered along the way. In the end, it was Will’s planet–while he appreciated us chiming in and snowballing ideas, his was the final word.) The corporations ruined their homeworld in their push to space and competition to found colonies. One corporation, Wheeling, found a jump lane from Desolation and began covertly investing resources in the lush system at the far end. They confronted the corporate council on Creche and negotiated outsized political power, much like the veto wielding members of the UN. We waffled a bit on the scope of the conflict/secession of Wheeling from Creche; originally talking about Wheeling/Creche as similar to the US/Britian relationship shortly after the American Revolution.

### Assigning Aspects

Aspects are one of the trickier things to get right in FATE systems. You want something descriptive, pithy, and interesting. Interesting aspects are one of the hardest things to get right–and it can be one of the easiest things to miss when boiling table talk down into a record/stat form. The book gives great examples of how one set of system values can be interpreted and written up in four compelling ways. These are our rough notes and proto-aspects; I suspect that we’ll refine them when we turn to character generation–or just take a day or two to let things simmer and settle.

We also noticed the widespread limited technology and decided that that’s probably a result of their history; Creche limits what other systems can develop and maintain to prevent future breakaways (like Wheeler). Wheeler seems to buy in to the same “keep the natives ignorant” arrangement, which seems to contradict their anti-tyranny claim. That fit the feel were were aiming for; this is no white-hat versus black-hat setting, with a lot of sketchy but valid justifications.

Austeria(T1,E2,R-1):
– Playground of the rich and famous.
– Large Ag plantations.
Boulders(T-1,E-3,R2):
– Life is hard and short; most who come here want to leave.
– Mining colonies are scattered across the system-wide asteroid fields.
– Many miners are prisoners from Creche, sentenced to hard labor.
Creche(T2,E-1,R-1):
– Corporate bureaucracy stifles everything.
– Struggling to maintain its colonial empire.
– The world is like a downtown; the place you go to work and make money, but not where you want to raise kids or retire.
Desolation(T0,E-1,R-2):
– The desert makes them strong
– They fight to earn what they lack
– The contract is king
Pilgrim’s Rest(T-1,E1,R0):
– The “quaint” first colony–nothing goes on here.
– Ihose with skills or ambition are drawn to Creche
Solace(T-1,E3,R1):
– One gas giant is orbited by several lush moons
– It’s a balkanized neutral zone, with the moons divided between various corporations (including Wheeling)
– Temp World: Employees are only permitted to serve for four years before they’re shipped out
– It’s the gateway to Xori
Wheeler(T2,E2,R3):
– Wheeler II is lush, ripe for exploitation; with factories concentrated in domed outposts on Wheeler I and III.
– “We’re close knit, cunning rebels, resisting Creche’s tyranny”
– Striving members of the Corporate Council
and Xori(T-3,E-1,R1):
– We drive out men into the forest; only the strongest return
– Only the priestesses know how to refine the anti-aging drug
– The spice must flow
– It’s a matriarchy, led by ancient but physically youthful women, who practice the old ways.

### In The End

It took us surprisingly long (about 4 hours) to knock out our cluster. [We had hoped to complete both cluster and character generation in a session, but we should have figured in the learning curve.] I like the setting that we came up with. It’s nothing I would have come up with as a GM, but it has enough of my influence that I already want to see how things develop–and that’s before I have a character to go exploring!

It will be interesting to see how we flesh out the cluster–and doubly interesting to see what characters we come up with to explore this place. I enjoyed it as a stand alone “game” [though cluster generation is more a series of creative prompts than a game], but really want to see if it makes for interesting, involved characters. We’ll see!

Scott is an engineer turned gnome and game store owner. He lies awake at night building intriguing worlds and plotting your character's demise.

6 Comments To "Diaspora: Cluster Generation in Action"

#1 Comment By Martin Ralya On October 11, 2011 @ 11:25 am

When I read Disapora, this was the part of the book that interested me the most — thanks for providing a detailed breakdown of how it went for you.

Can you comment on how this could be used outside of Diaspora? I mean, obviously you could just drift the whole cluster creation chapter over to another RPG as-is, but it’s distinctly Diaspora-flavored and FATE-infused. Without those two elements, is there enough there to make this a fun starting point?

#2 Comment By Scott Martin On October 11, 2011 @ 11:42 am

@Martin Ralya – I strongly suspect that you could drift this over as a world building tool, but the way that aspects tie up and down through the scopes in Diaspora would be tricky to emulate in most systems.

The authors over at the VSCA blog have tossed out interesting cluster analogs for other settings before. The hard part is picking which three values you want to highlight, to ensure that they building interesting tensions and relationships. If you’re using your cluster generation analog as structured brainstorming, it could be a good way to get your group on the same page and excited by a setting. It just won’t continue to weave its impact into the ongoing game without ongoing effort.

#3 Comment By BryanB On October 11, 2011 @ 4:00 pm

It was an interesting experience. And we did make it more difficult by rushing to connect the systems together. I think it turned out alright. Time will tell.

I think the PCs will really have to be in the same ballpark when it comes to creating the characters that they would like to play. But that’s often true of any game system.

#4 Comment By DireBadger On October 11, 2011 @ 4:54 pm

It sounds like a lot of fun.. these generation systems make my hands itch. But is there any particular reason to have three properties for systems, rather than another number?

#5 Comment By Scott Martin On October 11, 2011 @ 9:33 pm

@BryanB – It was definitely interesting, but you’re right–the proof is in the characters.
@DireBadger – You could substitute other values; the Mafia game analogs they used were honor/cash/manpower. But for game they’re interested in– less fanciful sci-fi, but where traveling by star ship is common– the values drive expected play.

Low Es encourage desert worlds, barren asteroids, and similar “scraping by” tales of hardship. High Es, conversely, push you to consider systems with life in a lot of places; ring worlds, dozens of forested moons, and so forth. All great sci-fi images.

Low resource systems are demanding; they encourage trade and acquisition, just to survive. Similarly, high resource systems tell you where stuff comes from–and which systems everyone is jostling to control.

Technology is its own interesting value; knights versus plasma riffles sounds weird–how did that come about? Is it a tale of exploitation, or dogged adherence to tradition, a reflection of recent discovery, or something else? Our cluster has a lot of atomic era systems–is that because they’re idealized 1950s worlds, with aerodynamic toasters?

If you wanted to substitute a value you hold dear for one of the three, you certainly could. It’ll just drive a different type of interesting relationship– and will encourage you to overlook the details for the value you drop.

#6 Comment By Scott Martin On October 11, 2011 @ 9:36 pm

(Er, continuing to muse: Alternately, you could introduce even more values, not holding to just 3. Each additional value will make coordinating/explaining how each additional combination of values works together a little harder, but as long as it’s an interesting variable, you could easily add one or two more.)