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Troupe Style GMing and the Gaming Charter

A while back my group got to the end of a campaign I was running and I was 4 steps beyond GM burnout. Deciding that no one wanted to pick up a new campaign of a couple of months, and deciding that we didn’t want to do a string of one shots, we bandied about many ideas for what we wanted to do. Finally, someone suggested we take turns. I suggested we make use of published adventures or the like until higher levels. Everyone agreed we should take a crack at rotating Game Masters and we started in on our troupe style game. This was something we had looked at before, but never implemented because of the games we were running and our time commitments.  At that time Walt and I wrote a double header about this subject, and you can find Walt’s article on Collaborative Game Mastering here while mine on how I thought it would go here. With a little experience with it under my belt, I wanted to share how it has been working.


So what exactly is a troupe style game? According to our friend Wikipedia, Troupe Style GMing is:

A Troupe system is a way of playing role-playing games which spreads the game master‘s responsibilities among each of the players.

Easy enough, but why exactly run one? Why do it? There were quite a few reasons we bandied about. There were also some issues we highlighted with the approach.



There are many more pros and cons that I can think to Troupe Style games, but the one point that sticks in my mind as I review them is that they tend to resolve around what happens when you switch out. A lot of that will be dealt with by how you decide to run the troupe style game. There are a lot of ways you could do it. 

My Group’s Take On Troupe Style GMing And The Most Important Tool We Have
When my group decided to take this method of GMing on, we had a LOT of ideas buzzing about. One player/GM wanted us to pick up an old Eberron campaign so he could revisit his higher level character. Another wanted to play from level 1 and go all the way to 20. Another mentioned wanting to step away from D&D (and fantasy gaming in general) every so often and visit a Shadowrun game he had in mind. Another player/GM wanted to try out a published adventure that spanned a few levels. It was a fair amount of controlled and polite chaos.

We eventually decided to incorporate as many ideas as we could. We began with the people newest to running games as the first GMs. This let them try things out at lower levels where more complex powers didn’t exist and where less cumbersome GMing situations are likely to occur. We wanted to get 2 people GMing until about level 4 or so, and decided a published adventure would be the easiest. I had incorporated elements of Dungeonaday.com into a fantasy game that veers far away from the structured elements of D&D and favors more cinematic play. People mentioned wanting to try it in actual D&D. We decided to play through the first few levels, until we reached 4th, and then switch over to another published adventure and Game Master. We would play that through and keep GMs the same  until the published adventure ended. After that someone else would take over with another published adventure or we would play some freeform higher level stuff out.

Currently, we are at level 6 and about halfway through the published adventure. Everything has been going really well, with a not unexpected snag or two along the way. Nothing insurmountable has come up, but we took some precautions and made sure we were all on the same page to begin with. We did one VERY IMPORTANT thing to ensure much of this ease and stability.

The most important thing we did was to write down all of our agreed upon group rules and assumptions in a Gaming Charter.

imageThe Game Charter
What exactly is a Gaming charter?

A Gaming Charter is like a Social Contract, but in my opinion much more useful. While the concept is similar, the term Gaming Charter conveys a much more codified set of rules about how the game is played than a Social Contract (which covers various social assumptions about the group and is frequently encouraged not to be written down). The Gnomes have some great articles about Social Contracts and Gaming Charters (a newer term) that I’ll point you to for a more in-depth discussion:

So, what is our game charter like? Well we decided we needed to address the idea of what rules we wanted to remain constant during the changing of the guards. We also wanted to make sure we were on the same page about assumptions for how the game would go under each GMs hands. Since we are a fairly forgetful lot we decided writing it down was a very important step. We weren’t going to put in the social assumptions that are attached to most social contracts and focused more on rules implementations and assumptions about how we would interpret rules. Some of it probably doesn’t need to be in there, but having it written down and agreed upon keeps it consistent. We shared it out with google docs, and use the same file to keep our party loot and other important information. Since nothing in here can incriminate us, and all the bodies have been looted and disposed of, I’ve decided to share the document here with you. We keep this information in an excel spreadsheet, but in the interest of maximum viewability I’ve converted it into a 1 page PDF and removed the names of the guilty.  Check it out and see how we organized things.

image Click Here To View: OGOGMIS (Oh God Oh God Make It Stop) Game Guidelines, Charter, and Info PDF


Overall I’ve really enjoyed playing in the different iterations of the game that various GMs have run. While I was suffering from GM burnout beforehand, I definitely feel better now. My turn isn’t scheduled to come up till much later, but I don’t think I would mind doing it now (only a few months in) knowing that someone will take over and I won’t get stuck running for another year or so. All in all it has been a great experience. I’m very curious to hear from other people who have done something like this.

So what have your experiences with switching GMS been like? Any advice that I’ve missed or any tricks that have worked well? What do you think of the idea of a Game Charter (something I most assuredly didn’t create but have found great use from)?

Image: Here | Public Domain
Image: Here | CC 2.0

About  John Arcadian

John Arcadian is the head of Silvervine Games, a freelance writer and art director, a website developer, a builder of sonic screwdrivers, and a purveyor of kilted mayhem. When he isn't out causing trouble in his kilt... Well, no, that is pretty much what he does when he isn't running RPGs or or trying to take over the world.

6 Comments (Open | Close)

6 Comments To "Troupe Style GMing and the Gaming Charter"

#1 Comment By Mullet71 On August 9, 2010 @ 7:11 pm

i like this, it adds a layer of teamwork and seems like it give each player a vested interest in furthering the game in a positive way. i have tried different things to spice up games or at least i have suggested them. i am a player, not a gm, but i have always wanted to try it. seems like this suggestion requires a lot of trust within the group and confidence in each others abilities. i see why you might want a charter to maintain the guidelines.
i think i will recommend this to my gm. she has seemed a little burned out lately. this could be the kind of break she needs.

#2 Comment By John Arcadian On August 10, 2010 @ 4:47 pm

@Mullet71 – Thanks! When my group and I discussed it we realized we were taking the GMs authority and semi-splitting it. We talked about what possible issues we might have with the current GM maintaining authority over people who might say “But I ran it that way, why aren’t you?” and other issues that might come up. It has turned out to be a great experience. The other GM/players are going to support you as the Game Master since they know what it is like or they are nervous for their turns coming around. I hope it turns out well for you if you do it!

#3 Comment By Scott Martin On August 11, 2010 @ 7:09 pm

@Mullet71 – It’s a great way to get your feet wet. My freshman year of college I got into a cool game where GMs switched off every 5 or so sessions. It was all AD&D, but we left the homebrew world at the end of my first session, enjoyed a short Spelljammer series, crashed into Faerun, explored around Waterdeep for a while, and got sucked into Ravenloft. While it was all theoretically one game system, each GM and world change led to a variety of different encounters and experiences. It was a great way to integrate with the older hands as more than a player, and I learned a lot from my first attempt to run for them.

I hope you’re soon able to test out GMing– I find it very rewarding and hope you will too.

#4 Comment By specter On August 13, 2010 @ 10:11 am

It’s a good idea.
Now here’s my experience with GM switching: Last year about this time I was one of the primary GM’s in a 2 GM group. We alternated weeks for different games. I ran Star Wars (never again) my co DM was running 4e. We burned out about the same time for disaster. He got pissed that we didn’t love his GM PC. And I started running every week. I was tired of SW so I ran a tour of the D&D editions which was going well until one of the every other week players tried to do every week. Marital fight ensued and he was banned by his wife from game. I didn’t make it to 2e before we decided we needed a constant game but one of our players decided he wanted to run so I stepped down from that. He wasn’t popular and before long the group totally disintegrated. Yet another player wanted to run and his Star Wars game became the only constant game. The unpopular GM and I got into it I dropped out. Then his work schedule changed and he’s not been back since. I started a new Pathfinder game with most of the same people but one of my favorite players is still banned from Sunday participation. SO my experience indicates a clear plan is necessary for a smooth transition. I won’t pretend to give advice our GM switch was a total failure, I lost 2 players and 1 friend from it and ended up with half as much gaming being done. We replaced one of the players and he’s cool so that is a positive things that happened as a result. But in all honesty I’m running a game I don’t like the mechanics of and it’s shown me that I really like retro games but the group doesn’t want that so… yeah our GM switch sucked.

#5 Comment By XonImmortal On August 17, 2010 @ 8:02 am

Sorry for this late add. Troupe style seems to be tailor-made for “alternate world” characters: where each character has a doppleganger in another dimension/alternate history. Alternate characters are made at the same time as the original characters, with similar builds. Some work needs to be done adapting characters across game platforms (such as 4e vs. Shadowrun), but any group of gamers are usually more than happy to home-brew something. Every alternate character progresses at the same rate as the character currently in play.

I had a group that tried something similar to troupe. The decision early on was to use the world I’d been working on, Kergammon. The other GM and I alternated adventures.

Unfortunately, we had a rules legislator (much different than a rules lawyer: he tried to bring in every variant rule and home-brew he could find. I can’t think of “elgre” anymore without having an anxiety attack) in the group, a pompous bore who had to publish philosophical dissertations on every action or rule, a guy trying to convince his girlfriend (another player) to never play again, and a GM who thought that rules were an affront to his religion.

This ended in a world-breaking GM action by the other GM.

Glad to hear your troupe is doing better.

#6 Comment By John Arcadian On August 17, 2010 @ 4:49 pm

@XonImmortal – It sounds like there was a lot going on in that group, tension wise. That can be one of the biggest game ruiners.

@specter – No need to apologize. There is no such thing as “too late” to comment. I can see Troupe Style GMing being a lot harder in a home-made world. At the end of the day, no one really cares if we break the world of Eberron in our own home game. I can see people having issues with breaking another person’s game world though. Either feeling too timid to do anything with it, or dropping big things into it that didn’t fit the creator’s idea. I’ve been working on fleshing out a world for a project I’m involved in and feel that way all the time. While I’ve been given carte blanche to do what I want with the world, it still feels odd to be making big changes to it when I know it is someone else’s “baby”.